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Third Thursday Food for Thought: ““The Peaceful Enemies: Tucson’s Apaches de Paz, 1786-1873”
November 15, 2018 @ 6:00 pm - 8:30 pm
On Thursday, November 15, 2018, join Old Pueblo Archaeology’s Third Thursday Food for Thought as historian Jim Turner presents “The Peaceful Enemies: Tucson’s Apaches de Paz, 1786-1873.” This free event will be held from 6:00 to 8:30 p.m. at El Molinito Mexican Restaurant at 10180 N. Oracle Rd., Oro Valley, AZ. Guests can order their own dinner off of the restaurant’s menu.
Apaches de Paz, the ‘Peaceful Enemies’ (Apachu means “enemy” in Zuni), were also known as Manso Apaches. When they immigrated from the Great Plains the Athapaskan-speaking Apache retained their hunter-gatherer lifestyle. That included raiding, which led to violence and retaliatory attacks. But in 1786 New Spain’s Viceroy Bernardo de Galvez called for a plan that involved forming peace camps for the Apaches. If they agreed to settle in camps near the presidios the Apaches would receive allotments of beef, blankets, and guns. The Spanish army also provided the Mansos with horses and used them as auxiliary troops against other Apaches who were still raiding. The Galvez plan was successful for several decades, and by 1871 there were still more than a hundred Apaches de Paz living near Tucson and others who had intermarried with the Tohono O’odham and lived near San Xavier Mission.
Reservations must be requested AND CONFIRMED before 5 p.m. on the Wednesday before the program date: firstname.lastname@example.org or 520-798-1201. PLEASE WAIT TO HEAR FROM OLD PUEBLO WHETHER YOUR RESERVATION HAS BEEN CONFIRMED BEFORE ATTENDING because the Fire Code limits how many guests we can have in the restaurant meeting room. Guests may select and purchase their own dinners from the restaurant’s menu. There is no entry fee but donations will be requested to benefit Old Pueblo’s educational efforts.
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